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What is insomnia
Insomnia is determined as difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, even when an individual has the possibility to do so. Patients with insomnia normally complain from one or more of these symptoms:
- Difficulty getting to sleep.
- Waking up frequently during the night and feeling trouble when going back to sleep.
- Early wake ups in the morning.
- Tiredness upon waking up.
Insomnia generally brings sleepiness during the day, apathy, and both mental and physical weakness. Thus, sleep aid medications can help to avoid such conditions.
Sufferers with insomnia are usually dissatisfied with their sleep quality and generally have one or more of these indications:
- low energy;
- mood disturbances;
- difficulty concentrating;
- decreased efficiency in everyday activities.
The sleeping disorder can influence on people at any age, though it is more common in adult females. Insomnia can destabilize everyday regular activities, and also produce problems with memory, obesity, depression, anxiety, irritability, concentration problems, reduced reaction time, and poor immune system functionality. It can also be the cause of developing chronic diseases.
Quantity of sleep varies from person to person, yet most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep per night. Sufferers with insomnia can easily achieve this sleep hours consuming sleeping pills.
Types of the disease
Sleeping disorders can be divided into several types. Almost all of them should be cured with medications for insomnia as per doctor prescription. Insomnia is generally categorized as these three types: transient, acute and chronic insomnia.
Transient insomnia takes place when symptoms last from a few days to some weeks. This type of disorder is considered temporary and in most cases it may not need any treatment. For instance, if it happens due to jet lag, the biological clock will be recovered by itself. Short-acting sleeping pills for insomnia can refine sleep. Though like all drugs, sleeping pills may also have unwanted side effects.
Most of sleep aid medications are antihistamines and sold without prescription. The common unwanted effect of such drugs is drowsiness during the next day. They are safe enough, though if they are consumed with other antihistamines – like cold or allergy medications – the overdose may occur.
Acute insomnia (or short-term insomnia) continues for several weeks. The acute insomnia diagnosis is usually made when the patient cannot sleep properly for about one month, yet has ability to get sleep. Sufferers discover that their physical and emotional performance worsens. It can influence badly on individual’s social life, work productivity, and health condition.
In many cases, the main cause of acute insomnia is stress – so sometimes it is also called “stress-related insomnia”. Sleeping pills, such as benzodiazepine and non-benzodiazepine sedatives, can help to induce sleep. This group of sedatives is represented by Halcion, Ativan, Restoril, Doral, Ambien, Lunest, Sonata. It is essential to consult doctor before consuming medications for insomnia.
Chronic insomnia persists for months and in some cases even for years. In some cases, sufferers can have chronic insomnia for years if they do not provide correct therapy with sleep aid medications. Sometimes this sleep disorder can be produced by other health disorders, such as neurological or mental illnesses.
Clinical researches show that chronic patients usually have abnormal levels of hormones (low melatonin or high cortisol). In the most severe conditions, an individual can feel muscularly fatigued and have hallucinations due to sleep deprivation. Sufferers are not able to be productive members of society, and it is extremely important to cure this condition by sleeping pills as soon as it is discovered.
Some prescription drugs can be used as sleeping pills for insomnia. The remedies may include anticonvulsants (Phenytoin, Lamotrigine), beta-blockers (Acebutolol, Metoprolol, Sotalol), antipsychotics (Sulpiride), antidepressants, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Medications for disease
When sufferers apply for medical help, doctors usually prescribe sleeping pills for the therapy of the disease. Any medications for insomnia should be administered before bedtime. Driving or any concentration activities are forbidden after taking sleep aid medications. Any of these drugs should be combined with good sleeping attempts.
Mentioned below are some drugs which can be used as sleeping pills to treat insomnia:
- Zolpidem (Intermezzo, Ambien, Zolpimist): these remedies act well as helping to get asleep, though some patients can wake up in the middle of the night. Zolpidem should not be administered if patient is not able to get full 7-8 hours sleeping.
- Escopiclone (Lunesta) provided quick asleep for 7-8 hours. The initial dose should not exceed 1 mg.
- Ramelteon (Rozerem) is targeting the sleeping cycle without depressing the central nervous system. This remedy is usually prescribed for long-term use and does not cause any dependence.
- Zaleplon (Sonata): among all sleeping pills Sonata remains in the body for the shortest quantity of time. Even late intake time, for example 2 a.m., will not make the patient drowsy in the morning. Though, if sufferers still wake up during the night this medicine should be replaced.
- Doxepine (Silenor) effect is provided by blocking histamine receptors. Users should avoid this remedy if they do not have full 7-8 hours of sleep. The dose is detected as per health, age, and response to healing of the patient.
- Benzodiazepines (Halcion, Restoril, Xanax and some others): these sleeping pills are prescribed when sufferers need an insomnia remedy to stay in body longer period. But yet this group of drugs can cause dependence and must be administered under doctor supervision.
- Antidepressants (Desyrel, Remeron and others) are often used as sleeping pills for insomnia as they are extremely effective in curing sleeplessness.
- Over-the-Counter sleeping pills are mostly represented by antihistamines. Usually they are effective but may cause drowsiness the next day. Other antihistamines, like cold or allergy drugs, must be excluded as overdose can take place.
Alternative therapy may have different forms – from diet and physical activity to mental treatment and change the way of life. Herbal remedies are also prescribed to cure insomnia. Such drugs include:
- Valerian root;
- Other herbs (passionflower, lemon balm, and hops) were also reported as effective sleeping pills.
Herbal supplements can interact with other medicines and bring unwanted effects. Thereby, patients should inform their physician beforehand if they administer any herbal drugs.